Fly Fearlessly With Breast Milk: Your TSA Rights in Plain English
Every week there are stories about moms (and dads) traveling with breast milk who encounter a TSA agent who makes them prove their breast milk actually is breast milk (and then contaminates it). Or, just as bad, dumps it out. Many traveling moms don’t know their rights because, let’s face it, the TSA guidelines are vague and confusing. So before you book your next flight, here’s what you need to know.
1) Breast milk is allowed.
Breast milk, formula, and juice are all allowed in your carry-on bag. Unlike shampoo and other liquids, breast milk is exempt from the “limited quantity rule” of 3.4 ounces. Let the TSA agents know you’re traveling with breast milk and separate your pump and bottles (empty or full) from other liquids for screening.
2) Your breast milk does not need to be X-rayed or opened.
Screening procedures are increasingly non-invasive, so if your breast milk is frozen, a visual inspection is usually fine. However, if it’s thawed, TSA agents may want to test it for explosives, but you have the right to say no. You also can ask the TSA agent to put on a fresh pair of gloves if they handle your bottles or bags of milk.
3) Freezer packs are fine.
You’re allowed to carry freezer bags, ice packs, and frozen gel packs to keep your breast milk frozen. Pro mama tip: the heavy duty ice packs last longer than the frozen gel packs.
4) Pack like a pro.
Pack your pump, breast milk, and freezer packs together in one bag to simplify your life. Unfortunately, there’s a lot of confusion about whether or not breast pumps are considered medical devices (which would not count as one of your carry-on bags). According to the FDA a breast pump is a medical device. Yet, despite this ruling, each airline treats breast pumps differently, so it's best to check directly with your specific airline. Hats off to United Airlines for specifically stating that moms are allowed an extra carry-on bag for their breast pump! Pro mama tip: always bring a hand pump in your carry-on bag...just in case.
5) Be your own advocate.
In the event you do experience any problems or encounter an uninformed TSA agent, we recommend calling TSA directly: TSA Contact Center: 1-866-289-9673. You'd think that TSA agents would be used to seeing mamas flying with breast milk by now. But we have a sneaking suspicion that the TSA still gets a ton of questions because they’ve put together this video: Strollers, car seats, breastmilk, oh my!
6) Consider frequent flyer options.
If you travel a lot for work, consider investing in the TSA pre-check program to reduce the lines, the wait, and the hassle (the price is $85 or $100 for five years). If you’d rather not travel with your liquid gold, Milk Stork will ship it home for you.
7) Identify airports with appropriate lactation accommodations.
You may not always be able to choose your airports, but when you can, choose one of these best airports for breastfeeding moms. If you find yourself in an airport without a lactation space and are directed to a family restroom, be the voice for all mamas and explain why pumping milk in a bathroom is not okay. And then be sure to let the airport know that they need to improve their lactation facilities.
8) Check the laws for international travel.
It's not easy to find the rules and regs for crossing borders with breast milk. To make it even more complicated, the rules vary according from country to country. For example, Britain allows up to 2000 ml of breastmilk (67 ounces) in your carry-on luggage, but only if it's not frozen.Frozen breastmilk must be packed in your checked luggage, no exception. The good news is that breast milk can last at room temperature for 6-8 hours in a cool environment. Canada has very clear rules that do not limit breast milk to their 100 ml liquid rule. When in doubt, contact the American consulate in your destination country for the most up-to-date regulations.
9) You can ship breast milk across borders.
The most foolproof way to get your breast milk home is to pack it--frozen--in your checked luggage. While it's legal to ship breast milk into the U.S., rules for exporting it vary from country to country (but keep in mind you're shipping it person-to-person for non-commercial purposes). Both DHL and FedEx do ship breast milk internationally, but make sure they do so in the country you're visiting. Check out Breastfeeding in Combat Boot for information about how to pack milk for shipping.